Essays on the Political Economy of Welfare and Redistribution.
In this dissertation we analyze the role of parties’ electoral competition in aggregating voters’ preferences over policy and its impact on tax design. The representation of voters’ interests is central for the analysis of public finance since the issue of aggregation is closely linked to the tradeoff between efficiency and redistribution, and the size and composition of public spending.
Political Economy in anthropology is the application of the theories and methods of historical materialism to the traditional concerns of anthropology, including, but not limited to, non-capitalist societies. Political Economy introduced questions of history and colonialism to ahistorical anthropological theories of social structure and culture. Most anthropologists moved away from modes of.
Redistribution of income and wealth is the transfer of income and wealth (including physical property) from some individuals to others by means of a social mechanism such as taxation, charity, welfare, public services, land reform, monetary policies, confiscation, divorce or tort law. The term typically refers to redistribution on an economy-wide basis rather than between selected individuals.
Recent Books (over the last 15 years or so) Scarcity, Conflicts and Cooperation: Essays in Political and Institutional Economics of Development (MIT Press, 2005).; Inequality, Cooperation, and Environmental Sustainability, co-edited with Jean-Marie Baland and Samuel Bowles, Princeton University Press, 2006. International Trade, Growth and Development, Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK, 2003.
Essays on political economy, inequality and development Author: Schoch, Marta Awarding Body:. The first chapter investigates how wealth inequality affects preferences for redistribution and voting behavior. Exploiting house price shocks in England and Wales, it evaluates the effect of wealth inequality on the preferences and voting behavior of homeowners relative to renters. It tests.
This thesis consists of three essays in the areas of political economy and applied microeconomics, covering housing, inequality, and public sector pensions. Once economies of scale are allowed into the production function, income distribution is no longer necessarily independent of efficiency in a general equilibrium framework. Chapter 2 analyzes a three-good, three-class general equilibrium.
This has spurred the exploding literature on the political economy of economic reform. Roughly stated, political economy is the analysis of how economics affect politics and how politics affect economics. Drazen (2000, p. 16) explains it the following way. “Political economy starts with the problem of choice in a society with heterogeneous agents, but with a very different focus than multi.